Before we know about protection of environment we must be aware of: What is Environment? Environment refers to the sum total of all the forces, materials and influences around us at a given point of time and place. Environment means the surroundings of an organism. It includes both living and non–living components.
The factor that harm the environment are reduction in space, smaller and fragmented habitats, our exploitation by humans, human sponsored ecosystems, climatic change, Pollution and invasive erotic species. It is important that the present human population derives economic, functional, remote and aesthetic benefits from biodiversity or environment. It is equally important that biodiversity is preserved and protected in all its farms and in good health for the future generations. Further degradation and destruction of the environment should be prevented. Certain ways to protect our environment are:
Increasing Agricultural productivity- A high priority area in future is more intensive research and trial of new technology for sustainable agriculture on soils which are poor in nutrients and on which much of our biologically significant habitats occur. Introduction of land and scientifically managed high productivity sustainable agriculture could go a long way to remove the pressure of our exploitation from forested wild land.
Intensifying forest productivity and reforestation- A better alternative for meeting the timber and fuel wood demand could be fast grooving species of woody plants which can be grown on degraded land and wood used to produce ply wood and strawboards which can be substituted for commercial timber. Timber and fuel wood are the two common commodities for which forests are usually ravaged and depleted. Support for agro forestry program outside forests could prove people of village communities with firewood for structural works and forest products there by reducing the pressure of demand on natural habitats. Discourage developmental projects affecting wild land or natural habitats of wild-life adversely.
Though we are creating pollution in nature, often nature uses its even resources in pollution control. Far example, plants and some micro-organisms help in removal of tonic substances from air, water and soil. A diversity of plant and animal species acts as the different media for pollution control. Another method of protection of environment is Interdependence between different species. The destruction of one kind of wild life on the earth upsets the ecological balance in nature e.g., Extinction of snakes will lead to increase in the rat population which will destroy crops. Decrease in frog population, leads to an increase in pest population. This shows that all living organisms are closely linked with each other through food chains, food webs, material cycle, energy flow, etc. Species of plants and animals keep a check on their numbers through these food chains. So, interdependence affects the preservation of the environment as a self-sustaining system.
Another step towards protection of environment is Environmental Management. Environmental Management includes all the technical, economic and other aspects of environment. It begins with the identification of the problem to find its solution. A proper environmental management strategy would aim at ‘Creating minimum pollution’, minimizing usage of resources so as to lead to a better environment. Environment problems that are caused ever same decades or centuries occur due to disregard and careless handling of our environment and the population explosion which is still on an increase people should be aware of the environmental issues. Thus, we must take concrete steps to save our environment.